Key Hole Surgery


Key Hole Surgery

Keyhole Surgery

What is a Keyhole surgery and why it should it be preferred over open surgery?

Open surgery is the more traditionally understood type of surgery, in which an incision is around 6-12 inches which allows the surgeon to access the organ need to be repaired or removed. Other type of surgery is a minimally invasive or laparoscopic surgery.

Laparoscopic surgery also called as minimal access surgery (MIS), Bandaid surgery or Keyhole surgery is a modern surgical technique.

Laparoscopic is a type of surgical procedure that allows a surgeon to access inside of abdomen and pelvis through a keyhole size incision. In laparoscopic surgery a tiny fiber optic tool with the camera and light on the end is inserted through small incision. The laparoscope transmits image in real time on a high definition video monitor allowing the surgery in a similar manner as if it was an open surgery.

Advantages of laparoscopic surgery

There are several reasons you might be glad to have Laparoscopic rather than a traditional open surgery

  • Small incision-Less scar
  • Shorter hospital stay and return to work
  • Less pain and analgesic requirement
  • Reduced risk of infection
  • Lower rate of incisional hernia
When is laparoscopic surgery used?

Depending on a patient's health and medical condition, laparoscopic surgeries can be performed for a wide range of conditions.

The common ones include

  • Appendectomy /Gall bladder removal.
  • Hernia repair / diaphragmatic hernia repair.
  • Small bowel and colonic surgery.
  • Adrenal / thyroid surgery/ obesity surgery.
  • Solid organ surgery (spleen and liver).
  • Esophageal and gastric surgery.
  • Urology – gynecological surgery (uterus surgery).

Minimal invasive surgery are constantly advancing and evolving. Recent advance in minimal access surgery are Single incision Laparoscopic surgery (SILS) and robotic assisted surgery. Robotic Assisted Surgery allow for a greater degree of precision and flexibility as well as smaller incision than an open surgery.

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